Building Smart Cities In Indonesia

The world has dramatically changed. The competition among nations is no longer about military power or ideology but competitiveness in various aspects, namely economy, social and environment. The world’s eyes have gleamed with the development progress in China over the past three decades, with its sophistication, advancement and sustainability in multiple areas, such as city development, transportation, retail and digital, among others.

Furthermore, regions or cities are becoming more dominant in determining place attractiveness to both local and international stakeholders, whether individuals, organisations or businesses. The cities of Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya, Semarang, Denpasar, Makassar, to name a few, are directly competing with the cities of Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Osaka, Seoul, Tokyo, Mumbai and many others, to be the first choice in the global community for trade, investment and tourism.

There will also be strong forces of cultural change due to urbanisation around the world. A 2014 United Nations’ study on world urbanisation trends showed that for the first time in the history of humankind, more than half the human population (54 per cent) live in urban areas. In comparison, the world’s urban population in 1950 was only 30 per cent. It is estimated that by 2050, the urban population will reach 66 per cent of the world’s population.

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