Sustaining Smart Cities Development

Declining liveability in rapidly growing metropolitan areas underline the increasing demand for infrastructure, better environment and improved quality of life.

Cities in Indonesia contribute 74 per cent of the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP), therefore, they are very important engines of economic growth for us. However, as experienced by several developing countries transitioning into developed nations, Indonesia faces the challenge of massive urban population growth within the past four decades (from 1970 to 2010)—a six-fold increase from 20 million (17 per cent of total population) to 120 million (50 per cent) —it’s expected to more than double by 2050.

The Greater Jakarta urban sprawl reaches approximately 50 kilometres to the east, 40 kilometres to the west, and 30 kilometres to the south. This has resulted in a wider city and longer commutes, with traffic volume in the eastern and western corridors exceeding 200,000 vehicles a day. Castrol’s Magnatec Stop-Start index revealed that Jakarta experienced the most number of stop-starts per kilometre, followed by Istanbul, Mexico City and Surabaya. Bottlenecks mean higher fuel energy consumption, higher air pollution and vehicle operating costs.

While cities and human settlements have faced improvements in terms of infrastructure accessibility and quality of life, significant challenges remain. Insufficient affordable housing to meet demand caused results in wider slum areas and shortage of clean water and sanitation.

Read more وان ایکس بت بت فوروارد