Transit-Oriented Developments: Solutions for a Sustainable City

The concept of transit-oriented developments (TODs) in urban areas is once again being discussed. In Indonesia, the concept was first introduced by urban designer and architect Peter Calthorpe in 1993 as a solution to the problem of unplanned city development.

Even before Calthorpe¬, public transportation stations have always been at the core of Indonesia’s urban areas. In Jakarta, the Kebayoran Baru district with the Blok M Bus Terminal in the 1950s, and the Planet Senen area that was centered on the Senen Bus Station and Senen Train Station in the 1970s, were planned with the transit stations as their core.

The development of big cities in Indonesia over the past 20 years has lead to urban sprawl. The network between the city core and its satellites leads to the formation of a megapolitan, resulting in the emergence of social, economic and environmental problems.

When public transport facilities cannot keep up with the growth in the satellite areas, city life becomes very inefficient and environment quality decreases. The greatest impact felt by megapolitan residents is the increasing commuting time and distance on a daily basis, leading to declining quality of life.

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