Housing And Settlements In Indonesia: Planning, Policies And Future Priorities

The difference of housing in big city - Photo by Shutterstock/ Khairul Effendi

Housing is one of the basic human needs. Fundamentally, the need for housing cannot be separated from the availability of land. Indeed, since the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, the government has paid great attention to land issues at the national level.

Land has a stake in providing opportunities for the community, especially in terms of fulfilling housing needs. Therefore, the government considers that the provision of public housing and settlements as a government obligation, along with education, health, public works and spatial planning, public order and community protection, and social.

In 1974, the government of Indonesia encouraged regional autonomy in terms of power sharing among the central, provincial and district or city governments (Law No. 5 of 1974). In 2014, Indonesia revised the regional autonomy policy with the Law No. 23 of 2014, where the mandatory affairs regarding basic services in terms of housing is located at the national level (central government), provincial government, and district or city governments.

Lot of houses in slum area build with no licence – Photo by Shutterstock/ Chedped Studio

With regards to government affairs in housing and settlements, below is a detailed look at the public policies in Indonesia:

A. Housing
Central Government
Provision of housing for low-income people (MBR)
Provision and rehabilitation of victims of national disasters
Facilitation of the provision of housing for people affected by the relocation of central government programmes
Development of a housing financial system for the MBR

Provincial Government
Provision and rehabilitation of victims of provincial disasters
Facilitate the provision of housing for people affected by the relocation of provincial government programmes

Regency/City Governments
Provision and rehabilitation of victims of the district or city disasters
Facilitate the provision of housing for people affected by the relocation of the district or city government programmes
Issuance of building permits and housing development
Issuance of building ownership certificates (SKBG)

Head of Department of Undergraduate Programme of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Architecture, Planning and Policy Development, Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB); Chairman, Indonesian Planning School Association (ASPI) of West Java Province Chapter

Aside as Head of Department, he acts as coordinator of training to promote planning capacity of state civil apparatus (Aparatur Sipil Negara). He has an interest in researching the implication of technology in urban planning. His research on communicative cities encourage local capacity and promotes stakeholders’ participation in the urban planning process. He has written several books to enrich the scientific repertoire of urban and regional planning in Indonesia, such as The Planning Perspective of Smart City, Ten Steps Towards a Smart City, Social Media and Urban Planning, and Technopolis. He is working on some other books, including The Compilation of His Research Related to Communicative City, Ecocity Towards a New Urban Agenda, Urban Planning in 21st Century, and Innovation and Sustainable Development Goals.

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